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Transforming multidrug-resistant tuberculosis care: The potentials of telemedicine in resource-limited settings

Olawade, David B., Eberhardt, Judith, David-Olawade, Aanuoluwapo Clement, Balogun, Malik A., Bolarinwa, Obasanjo ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9208-6408 and Esan, Deborah T. (2024) Transforming multidrug-resistant tuberculosis care: The potentials of telemedicine in resource-limited settings. Health Sciences Review. p. 100185.

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Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) is a significant challenge in low-resource settings owing to limited healthcare access and quality. However, telemedicine can potentially improve healthcare delivery by overcoming geographical barriers. This comprehensive review aimed to provide an overview of the current trends in utilizing telemedicine for MDR-TB control in low-resource settings. A systemic literature search using electronic databases, including PubMed and Google Scholar, was conducted to identify relevant articles on telemedicine and MDR-TB control in low-resource settings. The selected articles were analyzed and synthesized to provide a comprehensive overview of telemedicine's current trends and applications in MDR-TB control. Telemedicine allows remote screening and diagnosis, facilitating early detection and timely treatment, provides access to experts through teleconsultation, which ensures optimal treatment outcomes, fosters training and education of healthcare providers, and supports follow-up care through teleconsultation and remote monitoring. Furthermore, telemedicine integration with data collection methods can improve MDR-TB surveillance and intervention. Findings from this review show the potential of telemedicine to improve MDR-TB control and patient health in low-resource settings. This makes it a promising prevention and management option. However, successful implementation requires overcoming limitations such as connectivity, infrastructure, and cultural barriers. Telemedicine can considerably improve MDR-TB control and reduce disease burden in underserved populations by utilizing possibilities and addressing the challenges.

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hsr.2024.100185
School/Department: London Campus
URI: https://ray.yorksj.ac.uk/id/eprint/10250

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