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Gesture production in school vs. clinical samples of children with Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) and typically developing children

Sinani, Charikleia and Sugden, David A and Hill, Elisabeth L (2011) Gesture production in school vs. clinical samples of children with Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) and typically developing children. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 32. pp. 1270-1282.

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Abstract

Dyspraxia, a difficulty in executing an operationalised act, has been associated with Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD). However, issues relating to the area such as comparisons across modalities, comparisons of school vs. clinical populations, and developmental delay vs. pathology have not been addressed in the same, comprehensive study. In the current study, therefore, familiar gesture production in DCD was addressed in a comprehensive manner to follow-up outstanding issues from previous studies: The production of familiar gestures and praxis imagery in a school (n=26) vs. clinic sample (n=19) of children with DCD was examined in relation to typically developing age matched (n=24) all aged from 9 to 11 years, and two groups of younger children within the age ranges of 5–6 (n=23) and 4–5 (n=26) years. Overall, children with Developmental Coordination Disorder showed an impaired ability to produce familiar gestures compared to their typical peers, and this was dependant on the type of gesture and presentation modality. Differences were found between school and clinic samples of children with DCD, suggestive of the recruitment of different underlying mechanisms in the two samples. The results have a bearing on our understanding of the relationship of developmental dyspraxia to DCD, as well as of the issue of developmental delay vs. pathology.

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
DOI: 10.1016/j.ridd.2011.01.030
Subjects: R Medicine > RZ Other systems of medicine
School/Department: School of Health Sciences
URI: http://ray.yorksj.ac.uk/id/eprint/2210

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