+

Perfectionism and coping with injury in marathon runners: A test of the 2×2 model of perfectionism

Jowett, Gareth E. and Hill, Andrew P. and Forsdyke, Dale and Gledhill, Adam (2018) Perfectionism and coping with injury in marathon runners: A test of the 2×2 model of perfectionism. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 37. pp. 26-32.

[img] Text (Accepted MS)
AcceptedMS.pdf - Accepted Version
Restricted to Repository staff only until 12 October 2019.
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

Download (596kB)

Abstract

Previous research has found perfectionism dimensions to predict coping strategies in sport when dealing with various stressors. We aimed to extend previous research by examining the interactive effects of perfectionism dimensions on strategies employed by marathon runners
to cope with injury. This involved testing the hypotheses of the 2×2 model of perfectionism in marathon runners. Marathon runners (n = 224, female n = 81, M age = 39.77 years, SD = 9.50 years) completed measures capturing four subtypes of perfectionism (pure self-oriented
perfectionism, pure socially prescribed perfectionism, mixed perfectionism, and non-perfectionism) and strategies for coping with injury (problem-focused coping, emotion focused coping, and avoidance coping). Moderated regression analyses provided support for all four hypotheses of the 2×2 model for problem-focused coping, one hypothesis for emotion-focused coping, and none for avoidance-coping. Problem-focused coping was
highest for pure self-oriented perfectionism and lowest for pure socially prescribed perfectionism. Emotion-focused coping was higher for pure self-oriented perfectionism compared to non-perfectionism. Finally, avoidance coping was similar across all sub-types.
The results provide initial evidence that the 2×2 model of perfectionism explains differences in the use of coping strategies in context of marathon running injury.
Keywords: 2×2 perfectionism; coping; marathon runners; injury

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
DOI: 10.1016/j.psychsport.2018.04.003
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology > BF698-698.9 Personality
R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC1200 Sports Medicine
School/Department: School of Sport
URI: http://ray.yorksj.ac.uk/id/eprint/3004

University Staff: Request a correction | RaY Editors: Update this record