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Is anxiety sensitivity a risk factor for, or complication of, alcohol misuse? A meta-analysis

Bartel, Sara J., Sherry, Simon B., Smith, Martin., Vidovic, Vanja V. and Stewart, Sherry H. (2018) Is anxiety sensitivity a risk factor for, or complication of, alcohol misuse? A meta-analysis. Personality and Individual Differences, 135. pp. 258-263. (In Press)

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Abstract

Anxiety sensitivity (AS) refers to a dispositional tendency to respond to one's anxiety sensations with fear. Longstanding theoretical accounts implicate AS in alcohol misuse; however, the relationship between AS and alcohol misuse remains unclear. We addressed this by testing whether AS is a risk factor for, and/or complication of, alcohol misuse by conducting a rigorous meta-analysis using random effect models. Our literature search yielded 15 studies (N = 9459). Studies were included if they used a longitudinal design, assessed AS and alcohol misuse at baseline, and assessed alcohol misuse and/or AS at follow-up. Results failed to support AS as a risk factor for, or complication of, alcohol misuse. Researchers are encouraged to test if the link between AS and alcohol misuse emerges under specific conditions (e.g., elevated state anxiety).

Item Type: Article
Status: In Press
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2018.07.031
Related URLs:
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA790 Mental health
School/Department: School of Sport
URI: http://ray.yorksj.ac.uk/id/eprint/3287

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