Quick Search:

Platonic solids generate their four-dimensional analogues

Dechant, Pierre-Philippe ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4694-4010 (2013) Platonic solids generate their four-dimensional analogues. Acta Crystallographica Section A: Foundations and Advances, 69 (6). pp. 592-602.

Full text not available from this repository.
Related URLs:


This paper shows how regular convex 4-polytopes – the analogues of the Platonic solids in four dimensions – can be constructed from three-dimensional considerations concerning the Platonic solids alone. Via the Cartan–Dieudonné theorem, the reflective symmetries of the Platonic solids generate rotations. In a Clifford algebra framework, the space of spinors generating such three-dimensional rotations has a natural four-dimensional Euclidean structure. The spinors arising from the Platonic solids can thus in turn be interpreted as vertices in four-dimensional space, giving a simple construction of the four-dimensional polytopes 16-cell, 24-cell, the F4 root system and the 600-cell. In particular, these polytopes have `mysterious' symmetries, that are almost trivial when seen from the three-dimensional spinorial point of view. In fact, all these induced polytopes are also known to be root systems and thus generate rank-4 Coxeter groups, which can be shown to be a general property of the spinor construction. These considerations thus also apply to other root systems such as A_{1}\oplus I_{2}(n) which induces I_{2}(n)\oplus I_{2}(n), explaining the existence of the grand antiprism and the snub 24-cell, as well as their symmetries. These results are discussed in the wider mathematical context of Arnold's trinities and the McKay correspondence. These results are thus a novel link between the geometries of three and four dimensions, with interesting potential applications on both sides of the correspondence, to real three-dimensional systems with polyhedral symmetries such as (quasi)crystals and viruses, as well as four-dimensional geometries arising for instance in Grand Unified Theories and string and M-theory.

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1107/S0108767313021442
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics
School/Department: School of Science, Technology and Health
URI: https://ray.yorksj.ac.uk/id/eprint/3361

University Staff: Request a correction | RaY Editors: Update this record