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Three-curve rocker-soled shoes and gait adaptations to intermittent claudication pain: a randomised crossover trial

Jordan, Alastair ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7669-4753, Tew, Garry, Hutchins, Stephen, Shalan, Ahmed, Cook, Liz and Thompson, Andrew (2019) Three-curve rocker-soled shoes and gait adaptations to intermittent claudication pain: a randomised crossover trial. Gait & Posture, 67. pp. 31-36.

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Abstract

Background
Intermittent claudication (IC) is a symptom of peripheral arterial disease where a cramp-like leg pain is exhibited during walking, which affects gait and limits walking distance. Specifically-designed rocker-soled shoes were purported to mechanically unload the calf musculature and increase walking distances until IC pain.
Research Questions
Do three-curve rocker-soled shoes increase walking distance and what are the biomechanical differences during pain-free walking and IC pain-induced walking, when compared with control shoes?
Methods
Following NHS ethical approval, 31 individuals with claudication (age 69 ± 10 years, stature 1.7 ± 0.9 m, mass 83.2 ± 16.2 kg, ankle-brachial pressure index 0.55 ± 0.14) were randomised in this cross-over trial. Gait parameters whilst walking with rocker-soled shoes were compared with control shoes at three intervals of pain-free walking, at onset of IC pain (initial claudication distance) and when IC intensifies and prevents them walking any further (absolute claudication distance). Two-way repeated measures ANOVA were performed on gait variables.
Results
When compared with control shoes, rocker-soled shoes reduced ankle power generation (mean 2.1 vs 1.6 W/kg, respectively; p=0.006) and altered sagittal kinematics of the hip, knee and ankle. However, this did not translate to a significant increase in initial (138 m vs 146 m, respectively) or absolute (373 m vs 406 m, respectively) claudication distances. In response to IC pain, similar adaptations in temporal spatial parameters and the sagittal kinematics were observed between the shoe types.
Significance
The three-curved rocker shoes, in their current design, do not augment gait sufficiently to enhance walking distance, when compared with control shoes, and therefore cannot be recommended for the intermittent claudication population.
Clinical Reg No. (ClinicalTrials.gov): NCT02505503

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.gaitpost.2018.09.001
Subjects: Q Science > QC Physics
Q Science > QM Human anatomy
Q Science > QP Physiology
School/Department: School of Science, Technology and Health
URI: http://ray.yorksj.ac.uk/id/eprint/3416

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