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Modeling of forensic population current crime severity, based on past crime severity

Nussbaum, David, MacEacheron, Melanie, Douglass, Melanie, Watson, Mark, Daoud, Stephanie L.S.B., Ilie, Gabriela and DeKeseredy, Walter S. (2019) Modeling of forensic population current crime severity, based on past crime severity. American Journal of Forensic Psychology, 37 (1). pp. 5-40.

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Severity full submission with identifiers removed March14.2019.pdf - Accepted Version

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Abstract

Predicting recidivistic severity in forensic populations would prove useful to tribunals deciding on sentence length, deciding on determinate versus indeterminate sentences, and applying “significant risk” statutes. In an exploratory study, we combine actuarial and self-report data to “predict” current severity of offending, in a forensic population in which all individuals are past offenders. Current criminal charges against a group of inmates (participants) in a Canadian, forensic psychiatric unit, were related to basic demographic and diagnosis information from psychiatric file, past offences, and a few, easily administered and scored pencil-and-paper tests. Many participants previously held Not Criminally Responsible due to Mental Disorder for at least one criminal offense. The collected information “predicted” current offence(s), producing R’s of .60, .57 and .89 for N = 171 males and 28 females. Limitations include the need for replication with prospective designs and a better scale to measure severity of violence. Implications for practice and policy are discussed.

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
Related URLs:
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
School/Department: School of Psychological & Social Sciences
URI: http://ray.yorksj.ac.uk/id/eprint/3799

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