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Development of perfectionism in junior athletes: A three-sample study of coach and parental pressure

Madigan, Daniel J., Curran, Thomas, Stoeber, Joachim, Hill, Andrew P. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6370-8901, Smith, Martin M. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4754-3032 and Passfield, Louis (2019) Development of perfectionism in junior athletes: A three-sample study of coach and parental pressure. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology.

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Abstract

Perfectionism predicts cognitions, emotions, and behaviors in sport. Nonetheless, our understanding of the factors that influence its development is limited. We sought to address this issue by examining the role of coach and parental pressure in the development of perfectionism in sport. Using three samples of junior athletes (16-19 years; cross-sectional: N = 212; 3-month longitudinal: N = 101; 6-month longitudinal: N = 110), we examined relations between coach pressure to be perfect, parental pressure to be perfect, perfectionistic strivings, and perfectionistic concerns. Mini meta-analysis of the combined cross-sectional data (N = 423) showed that both coach pressure and parental pressure were positively correlated with perfectionistic strivings and perfectionistic concerns. In contrast, longitudinal analyses showed that only coach pressure predicted increased perfectionistic strivings and perfectionistic concerns over time. Overall, our findings provide preliminary evidence that coaches may play a more important role in the development of junior athletes’ perfectionism than parents.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: Accepted author manuscript version reprinted, by permission, from Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology[2019], https://doi.org/10.1123/jsep.2018-0287. © Human Kinetics, Inc.
Status: Published
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1123/jsep.2018-0287
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology > BF698-698.9 Personality
School/Department: School of Sport
URI: http://ray.yorksj.ac.uk/id/eprint/3830

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