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Tpl2 is required for VEGF-A-stimulated signal transduction and endothelial cell function

Fearnley, Gareth W., Abdul-Zani, Izma, Latham, Antony M., Hollstein, Monica C., Ladbury, John E., Wheatcroft, Stephen B., Odell, Adam ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6855-7214 and Ponnambalam, Sreenivasan (2019) Tpl2 is required for VEGF-A-stimulated signal transduction and endothelial cell function. Biology Open.

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Abstract

New blood vessel sprouting (angiogenesis) and vascular physiology are fundamental features of metazoan species but we do not fully understand how signal transduction pathways regulate diverse vascular responses. The vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) family bind membrane-bound receptor tyrosine kinases (VEGFRs), which trigger multiple signal transduction pathways and diverse cellular responses. We evaluated whether the MAP3K family member and proto-oncoprotein Tpl2 (MAP3K8) regulates basal and VEGF-A-stimulated signal transduction in endothelial cells. Notably, stimulation with exogenous VEGF-A increased Tpl2 mRNA levels and consequently de novo protein synthesis. Depletion of Tpl2 levels reveals a role in both basal and VEGF-A-stimulated endothelial cell responses, including endothelial-leukocyte interactions, monolayer permeability, and new blood vessel formation. Under basal conditions, Tpl2 modulates a signal transduction cascade resulting in phosphorylation of a nuclear transcription factor (ATF-2) and altered endothelial gene expression, a pathway previously identified as crucial in VEGF-dependent vascular responses. Loss of Tpl2 expression or activity impairs signal transduction through Akt, eNOS and ATF-2, broadly impacting on endothelial function. Our study now provides a mechanism for Tpl2 as a central component of signal transduction pathways in the endothelium.

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1242/bio.034215
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
School/Department: School of Health Sciences
URI: http://ray.yorksj.ac.uk/id/eprint/3857

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