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Perfectionistic self-presentation and orthorexia in exercisers

Pratt, Verity B., Madigan, Daniel J. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9937-1818 and Hill, Andrew P. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6370-8901 (2021) Perfectionistic self-presentation and orthorexia in exercisers. Eating and Weight Disorders - Studies on Anorexia, Bulimia and Obesity.

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Pratt, Madigan, & Hill (in press).pdf - Accepted Version
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Abstract

Purpose: The present study aimed to provide the first examination of whether perfectionistic self-presentation – an interpersonal expression of perfectionism – is related to orthorexia.
Methods: We recruited a sample of 150 exercisers (Mean age = 27.7 years). Participants completed the Perfectionistic Self-Presentation Scale and the ORTO-15 on a single occasion.
Results: Two dimensions of perfectionistic self-presentation – perfectionistic self-promotion and nondisplay of imperfection – showed significant positive correlations with orthorexia. In addition, in multiple regression analyses controlling for the overlap between dimensions, perfectionistic self-promotion emerged as the strongest and only significant predictor of orthorexia.
Conclusion: Perfectionistic self-presentation is positively associated with orthorexia in exercisers. Perfectionistic self-promotion – a need to portray an image of perfection to others – is primarily responsible for this relationship.

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s40519-021-01262-w
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
School/Department: School of Science, Technology and Health
URI: http://ray.yorksj.ac.uk/id/eprint/5373

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