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Perfectionism and Burnout in Athletes: The Mediating Role of Perceived Stress

Olsson, Luke ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4705-6437, Grugan, Michael ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3770-942X, Martin, J. N. and Madigan, Daniel J. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9937-1818 (2021) Perfectionism and Burnout in Athletes: The Mediating Role of Perceived Stress. Journal of Clinical Sport Psychology, 16 (1). pp. 55-74.

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Abstract

Perfectionism is a consistent predictor of athlete burnout. Researchers have therefore sought to examine the psychological mechanisms that may explain this relationship. In the present study, guided by Smith’s (1986) cognitive affective stress model, we extend existing research by examining whether perceived stress is one such explanatory factor. A sample of 256 adult athletes completed measures of perfectionism (perfectionistic strivings and perfectionistic concerns), perceived stress, and burnout. Correlational analyses indicated that perfectionistic concerns was positively related to burnout, while perfectionistic strivings was either negatively related or unrelated to burnout. Tests of bias-corrected bootstrapped indirect effects showed that perceived stress mediated the positive relationship between perfectionistic concerns and burnout. This finding was evident when examining total burnout and all three burnout symptoms. It appears that athletes high in perfectionistic concerns are likely to experience heightened levels of stress in sport which may in turn render them more vulnerable to burnout.

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1123/jcsp.2021-0030
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
School/Department: School of Science, Technology and Health
URI: http://ray.yorksj.ac.uk/id/eprint/5572

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