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Development of a measure for the assessment of peer-related positive emotional memories

Ferreira, Cláudia, Cunha, Marina, Marta-Simões, Joana, Duarte, Cristiana ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6566-273X, Matos, Marcela and Pinto-Gouveia, José (2017) Development of a measure for the assessment of peer-related positive emotional memories. Psychology and Psychotherapy: Theory, Research and Practice, 91 (1). pp. 79-94.

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Abstract

Objectives
Previous research has demonstrated a link between early experiences of warmth, safeness, and soothing, and positive feelings, health, and well-being outcomes. Although the impact of positive parent-related early relationships and its posterior recall is well documented, research on the recall of warmth and safeness experiences within early peer relationships remains scarce. In fact, it is considered that the protective role of early positive peer relationships deserves intensive research; however, a specific measure that assesses this construct is still to be created. This study describes the development and validation of a new measure designed to assess the recall of early experiences of warmth, safeness, and affection in relation to peers (EMWSS-peers).

Design and methods
Distinct samples, comprising individuals of both genders aged between 18 and 68 years old, were used to test the EMWSS-peers factorial structure through principal axis factoring (PAF) and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), and to examine its psychometric properties.

Results
Principal axis factoring's results indicated that the 12-item scale presents a one-factor structure explaining a total of 71.50% of the variance. The CFA confirmed the plausibility of this structure. The EMWSS-peers also presented excellent internal consistency and construct, concurrent, and divergent validities.

Conclusions
The EMWSS-peers seems to be a new avenue for the study of memories of early experiences with friends and colleagues and may entail a relevant contribution to clinical and research fields, particularly for upcoming investigations on the relationship of peer-related affiliative memories with well-being and mental health.

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/papt.12146
School/Department: School of Education, Language and Psychology
URI: http://ray.yorksj.ac.uk/id/eprint/5677

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