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Body Image as a source of shame: A new measure for the assessment of the multifaceted nature of body image shame

Pinto-Gouveia,, José, Duarte, Cristiana ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6566-273X, Ferreira,, Cláudia and Batista, Diana (2015) Body Image as a source of shame: A new measure for the assessment of the multifaceted nature of body image shame. Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy, 22 (6). pp. 656-666.

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Theoretical and empirical accounts highlight the link between shame and body image difficulties, and disordered eating behaviours. Specifically, body image shame seems to play a particularly important role in this association. The current study aimed at developing and validating a new measure of body image shame and its phenomenology, the Body Image Shame Scale (BISS).

Distinct samples of women from the general and student populations were used to test the BISS factorial structure using principal component analysis (PCA) and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA), and to examine the psychometric properties of the BISS.

Principal component analysis results indicated that the scale presents a two-factor structure assessing an externalized and an internalized dimension underlying body image shame, which explains a total of 62.41% of the variance. A confirmatory factor analysis further corroborated the adequacy of this structure, which revealed good global and local adjustment indices. The BISS also presented very good internal consistency, construct and discriminant validities and good test–retest reliability. The scale also showed good concurrent and divergent validities. Furthermore, the scale discriminates between women with higher or lower levels of disordered eating behaviours. Finally, a mediation analysis revealed that the BISS fully mediates the previously established association between external shame and eating psychopathology.

The BISS is a psychometrically robust and short measure of body image shame and its external and internal dimensions. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/cpp.1925
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
School/Department: School of Education, Language and Psychology
URI: https://ray.yorksj.ac.uk/id/eprint/5712

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