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Perfectionism, mattering, depressive symptoms, and suicide ideation in students: A test of the Perfectionism Social Disconnection Model.

Etherson, Marianne ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0339-2324, Smith, Martin M. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4754-3032, Hill, Andrew P. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6370-8901, Sherry, Simon, Curran, Thomas, Flett, Gordon L. and Hewitt, Paul L. (2022) Perfectionism, mattering, depressive symptoms, and suicide ideation in students: A test of the Perfectionism Social Disconnection Model. Personality and Individual Differences, 191 (111559).

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MS PAID Study 2 - ACCEPTED VERSION.pdf - Accepted Version
Restricted to Repository staff only until 3 March 2024.

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MS PAID Study 2 - ACCEPTED VERSION.docx - Accepted Version
Restricted to Repository staff only until 3 March 2024.

Abstract

The Perfectionism Social Disconnection Model (PSDM) is a theory-driven model of the relationship between perfectionism, depressive symptoms, and suicide ideation. However, to date, tests of the PSDM have not included anti-mattering (i.e., feelings of not mattering alongside feelings of insignificance and marginalization) as a mediator or suicide ideation as an outcome. Critically, too, most research on the PSDM has relied on cross-sectional or two-wave longitudinal designs. Our study, then, examines whether perfectionism confers vulnerability to depressive symptoms and suicide ideation via mattering and anti-mattering in a three-wave longitudinal design. A sample of 181 undergraduates completed study measures on three occasions over six weeks. Findings provide strong support for the notion that socially prescribed perfectionism confers vulnerability to depressive symptoms via anti-mattering. Our findings suggest a need for future research on anti-mattering and suicide ideation, especially within the context of the PSDM and using longitudinal designs.

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2022.111559
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology > BF697-697.5 Differential psychology. Individuality. Self
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology > BF698-698.9 Personality
School/Department: School of Science, Technology and Health
URI: http://ray.yorksj.ac.uk/id/eprint/5878

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