Quick Search:

Refugee Subentrepreneurship – The Emergence of a Liquid Cage.

Refai, Deema and Mcelwee, Gerard (2022) Refugee Subentrepreneurship – The Emergence of a Liquid Cage. Work, employment and society.

[img]
Preview
Text
09500170211062817.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution.

| Preview
[img]
Preview
Text
WES_Accepted version.pdf - Accepted Version

| Preview
[img] Text
WES_Accepted version.docx - Accepted Version

Abstract

This article conceptualises refugees’ endeavours for upward social mobility through subentrepreneurship. Subentrepreneurship refers to various self-employment forms that are undeclared to relevant authorities to escape superimposed historical, temporal, spatial, institutional and social contexts, which constrain actors’ entrepreneurial activities. Using a mixed theoretical underpinning combining Mixed Embeddedness (ME) with Weber’s Iron Cage of Rationality (ICR), we signify liquidity of refugee subentrepreneurship, which is neither linear nor long-term rational. A liquid cage is envisaged to allow more freedom as refugees become embedded within intersections between transformative journeys and Constrained Institutional Contexts (CICs). This new theorising signifies a pronounced emphasis on agency whereby refugees cleverly contemplate implicit skills (i.e. unrecognised or downgraded skills), opportunities and processes to escape CICs. The article adds clarity as to how contexts become part of the production of entrepreneurial actions through two-way interactions that promote liquidity, enabling a strong foundation for future research exploring subentrepreneurship.

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/09500170211062817
School/Department: York Business School
URI: http://ray.yorksj.ac.uk/id/eprint/5905

University Staff: Request a correction | RaY Editors: Update this record