Quick Search:

Molecular cytogenetic characterization of chromosome 9-derived material in a human thyroid cancer cell line

Weier, H-UG, Tuton, Tiffany B, Ito, Yuko, Chu, Lisa W, Lu, C-M, Baumgartner, Adi ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7042-0308, Zitzelsberger, Horst F and Weier, Jingly F (2006) Molecular cytogenetic characterization of chromosome 9-derived material in a human thyroid cancer cell line. Cytogenetic and Genome Research, 114 (3-4). pp. 284-291.

Full text not available from this repository.


The incidence of papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC) increases significantly after exposure of the head and neck region to ionizing radiation, yet we know neither the steps involved in malignant transformation of thyroid epithelium nor the specific carcinogenic mode of action of radiation. Such increased tumor frequency became most evident in children after the 1986 nuclear accident in Chernobyl, Ukraine. In the eight years following the accident, the average incidence of childhood PTCs (chPTC) increased 70-fold in Belarus, 200-fold in Gomel, 10-fold in the Ukraine and 50-fold in Tschnigov, Kiev, Rovno, Shitomyr and Tscherkassy compared to the rate of about 1 tumor incidence per 106 children per year prior to 1986 (Likhtarev et al., 1995; Sobolev et al., 1997; Jacob et al., 1998). To study the etiology of radiation-induced thyroid cancer, we formed an international consortium to investigate chromosomal changes and altered gene expression in cases of post-Chernobyl chPTC. Our approach is based on karyotyping of primary cultures established from chPTC specimens, establishment of cell lines and studies of genotype-phenotype relationships through high resolution chromosome analysis, DNA/cDNA micro-array studies, and mouse xenografts that test for tumorigenicity. Here, we report the application of fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH)-based techniques for the molecular cytogenetic characterization of a highly tumorigenic chPTC cell line, S48TK, and its subclones. Using chromosome 9 rearrangements as an example, we describe a new approach termed ‘BAC-FISH’ to rapidly delineate chromosomal breakpoints, an important step towards a better understanding of the formation of translocations and their functional consequences.

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1159/000094215
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC0254 Neoplasms. Tumors. Oncology (including Cancer)
R Medicine > RZ Other systems of medicine
School/Department: School of Science, Technology and Health
URI: https://ray.yorksj.ac.uk/id/eprint/6047

University Staff: Request a correction | RaY Editors: Update this record