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The process of replication target selection in psychology: what to consider?

Pittelkow, Merle-Marie ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7487-7898, Field, Sarahanne M. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7874-1261, Isager, Peder M. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6922-3590, van’t Veer, Anna E. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2733-1841, Anderson, Thomas ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2387-5219, Cole, Scott ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8176-283X, Dominik, Tomáš ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3004-8710, Giner-Sorolla, Roger ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6690-8842, Gok, Sebahat, Heyman, Tom ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0565-441X, Jekel, Marc ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9146-0306, Luke, Timothy J. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5513-6605, Mitchell, David B., Peels, Rik ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-8107-5992, Pendrous, Rosina ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9085-9876, Sarrazin, Samuel, Schauer, Jacob M. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9041-7082, Specker, Eva ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0836-045X, Tran, Ulrich S. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6589-3167, Vranka, Marek A. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3413-9062, Wicherts, Jelte M. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2415-2933, Yoshimura, Naoto ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2656-4432, Zwaan, Rolf A. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9967-7879 and van Ravenzwaaij, Don ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5030-4091 (2023) The process of replication target selection in psychology: what to consider? Royal Society Open Science, 10 (2).

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Increased execution of replication studies contributes to the effort to restore credibility of empirical research. However, a second generation of problems arises: the number of potential replication targets is at a serious mismatch with available resources. Given limited resources, replication target selection should be well-justified, systematic and transparently communicated. At present the discussion on what to consider when selecting a replication target is limited to theoretical discussion, self-reported justifications and a few formalized suggestions. In this Registered Report, we proposed a study involving the scientific community to create a list of considerations for consultation when selecting a replication target in psychology. We employed a modified Delphi approach. First, we constructed a preliminary list of considerations. Second, we surveyed psychologists who previously selected a replication target with regards to their considerations. Third, we incorporated the results into the preliminary list of considerations and sent the updated list to a group of individuals knowledgeable about concerns regarding replication target selection. Over the course of several rounds, we established consensus regarding what to consider when selecting a replication target. The resulting checklist can be used for transparently communicating the rationale for selecting studies for replication.

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1098/rsos.210586
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
School/Department: School of Education, Language and Psychology
URI: https://ray.yorksj.ac.uk/id/eprint/7376

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