Quick Search:

Development and Initial Validation of the Perfectionistic Climate Questionnaire-Sport (PCQ-S)

Grugan, Michael Connor (2022) Development and Initial Validation of the Perfectionistic Climate Questionnaire-Sport (PCQ-S). Doctoral thesis, York St John University.

[img] Text (Doctoral thesis)
Restricted to Repository staff only until 7 August 2024.
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial Share Alike.


Perfectionism has traditionally been conceptualised as a personality trait (i.e., a personal quality of the individual). However, researchers have recently proposed a new construct: perfectionistic climate. Rather than focussing on the personal qualities of an individual that are perfectionistic, perfectionistic climate focusses on the behaviours, practices, and relational styles of key social agents that make specific social environments perfectionistic. The aim of the current thesis is to apply this construct to sport and develop the first psychometric scale to measure athlete perceptions of the perfectionistic climate. The development of the Perfectionistic Climate Questionnaire-Sport (PCQ-S) involves four interrelated empirical studies, data from 1,155 young athletes, and a range of advanced psychometric analyses. In study one, outlined in chapter two, PCQ-S items capturing perceptions of the coach-created perfectionistic climate are developed, refined, and tested in relation to factor structure. In study two, outlined in chapter three, a nomological network of relations between test scores on the PCQ-S and established coach climate measures is assessed. In study three, outlined in chapter four, perfectionistic climate is assessed in relation to athlete burnout and athlete engagement. In study four, outlined in chapter five, perfectionistic climate is assessed in relation to the development of sport-specific perfectionism over a three-month period. The results of these studies provide support for the reliability, factorial validity, and measurement invariance of a five-factor 20-item PCQ-S. In addition, the PCQ-S can be differentiated from well-established coach-climate measures and has the potential to predict important outcomes in youth athletes. To gain further validity information, develop our understanding of the consequences of perfectionistic climates in sport, and design climate-based programmes for reducing perfectionism among young athletes, researchers need to build on the initial evidence in this thesis by using the PCQ-S in a systematic line of research that prioritises longitudinal and multi-level research designs.

Item Type: Thesis (Doctoral)
Status: Published
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GV Recreation Leisure > GV0557 Sports
School/Department: School of Science, Technology and Health
URI: https://ray.yorksj.ac.uk/id/eprint/7397

University Staff: Request a correction | RaY Editors: Update this record