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The Identity of Turkey: Muslim and secular

Gol, Ayla ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-8026-8888 (2009) The Identity of Turkey: Muslim and secular. Third World Quarterly, 30 (4). pp. 795-811.

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This article analyses the rise of political Islam in Turkey in the context of the akp's tenure in power with reference to complex social, economic, historical and ideational factors. It aims to answer one of the key questions, which has wider implications for the West and Islamic world: ‘having experienced the bad and good of the West in secularism and democracy’, as claimed by Samuel Huntington's ‘clash of civilisations’ thesis, is Turkey in transition from a secular to an Islamic state? The article first questions Turkey's ‘bridge’ or ‘torn-country’ status and then explains the akp's ambivalent policies towards religious and identity issues in relation to the increased public visibility of Islam and a ‘performative reflexivity’ of ‘Muslim-selves’. It concludes that the real issue at stake is not the assumed clash of secular and Muslim identities but the complex of interdependence between Islam, secularism and democratisation in Turkey.

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/01436590902867383
School/Department: School of Humanities
URI: https://ray.yorksj.ac.uk/id/eprint/8027

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