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Blockchain-based electronic health record system in the age of COVID-19

Lu, Yang ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0583-2688 (2023) Blockchain-based electronic health record system in the age of COVID-19. In: Digital Transformation in Healthcare in Post-Covid-19 Times. Academic Press, pp. 59-77

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The COVID-19 pandemic has exposed the limitations of current healthcare systems in responding to public health emergencies in a timely and efficient manner. Despite the advantages of digitalized health records, a large portion of health systems are centralized and fall short in guaranteeing basic security and privacy requirements. As a decentralized and distributed technology, blockchain has been utilized for secure data access and information exchange in the healthcare domain. Moreover, COVID-19 health services such as antibody testing, vaccination proofing, contact tracing, health surveillance, and medical supply chains raise higher requirements in transparency, traceability, and immutability. Considering that the COVID-19 pandemic will have a long-term impact on all aspects of society, it is necessary to examine present developments for health information exchange. In this chapter, we discuss emerging platforms that adopt a blockchain architecture, with the focus on responses to the COVID-19 pandemic. Through a literature review, we demonstrate the critical role of blockchain technology in providing a more efficient, trustworthy, secure, and transparent health ecosystem. Finally, we identify future research directions along with recommendations.

Item Type: Book Section
Status: Published
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-323-98353-2.00007-1
School/Department: School of Science, Technology and Health
URI: https://ray.yorksj.ac.uk/id/eprint/8181

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