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Perfectionism in Sport: A meta-analytical review.

Hill, Andrew P., Mallinson-Howard, Sarah H. and Jowett, Gareth E. (2018) Perfectionism in Sport: A meta-analytical review. Sport, Exercise, and Performance Psychology.

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Abstract

The current study provides an updated and meta-analytical review of research examining multidimensional perfectionism in sport. In doing so, studies that report the relationship of perfectionistic strivings and perfectionistic concerns with a range of motivation, emotion/wellbeing and performance criterion variables are examined. A literature search yielded 52 studies and 697 effect sizes for 29 criterion variables. Random effects models revealed that perfectionistic strivings displayed small-to-medium relationships with a mix of maladaptive and adaptive motivation and emotion/wellbeing, and a small-to-medium relationship with better performance. By contrast, perfectionistic concerns displayed a small-to-medium relationship with maladaptive motivation and emotion/wellbeing, and were unrelated to performance. After controlling for the relationship between the two dimensions of perfectionism, the relationships displayed by residual perfectionistic strivings were indicative of it being less problematic, and the relationships displayed by residual perfectionistic concerns were indicative of it being more problematic, than their unresidualised counterparts. There was also some preliminary evidence that some of the relationships were moderated by gender, age, sport type, and instrument. The findings suggest that perfectionistic concerns are clearly maladaptive for athletes whereas perfectionistic strivings are complex and ambiguous.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: "©American Psychological Association, 2018. This paper is not the copy of record and may not exactly replicate the authoritative document published in the APA journal. Please do not copy or cite without author's permission. The final article is available, upon publication, at: http://dx.doi.org/10.1037/spy0000125"
Status: Published
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1037/spy0000125
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
School/Department: School of Sport
URI: http://ray.yorksj.ac.uk/id/eprint/3034

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