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Reflection-impulsivity in athletes: A cross-sectional and longitudinal investigation

Vaughan, Robert S. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1573-7000, Hagyard, Jack ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7827-9505, Edwards, Elizabeth ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7549-205X and Jackson, Robin C. (2021) Reflection-impulsivity in athletes: A cross-sectional and longitudinal investigation. European Journal of Sport Science.

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Reflection-impulsivity Accepted Manuscript EJSS.pdf - Accepted Version
Restricted to Repository staff only until 11 January 2022.

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Reflection-impulsivity Accepted Manuscript EJSS.docx - Accepted Version
Restricted to Repository staff only until 11 January 2022.

Abstract

Reflection-impulsivity is a dimension of cognitive or decision-making style. We conducted two quasi-experimental studies to examine reflection-impulsivity in athletes using an information sampling task. In Study 1 (n = 108; Mage = 22.7 ± SDage = 1.42; 50% female), we used a cross-sectional design to compare performance across athletic expertise (super-elite, elite, amateur, novice or non-athlete) and sport type (external-paced or self-paced). In Study 2 (Time 1 n = 106; Mage = 21.32 ± SDage = 5.77; 53% female and Time 2 n = 64; Mage = 21.19 ± SDage = 5.12; 44% female), we examined changes in reflection-impulsivity across a 16-week playing season. Study 1 showed more accurate and more efficient performance as athletic expertise increased. Study 2 revealed better effectiveness and efficiency following sport participation, a 16-week playing season, most notably in elite-level performers. No sport-type differences were noted. Taken together, the studies demonstrate an association between reflection-impulsivity and athletic expertise, while also providing evidence that competitive sports participation leads to efficient decisions based on reflection, without sacrificing accuracy, which is often a consequence of impulsive decision-making.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: "This is an accepted version of an article published by Taylor & Francis in European Journal of Sport Science on 11/01/2021 available online: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/17461391.2020.1861106"
Status: Published
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/17461391.2020.1861106
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology > BF180-198.7 Experimental psychology
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology > BF636 Applied psychology
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology > BF697-697.5 Differential psychology. Individuality. Self
School/Department: School of Education, Language and Psychology
URI: http://ray.yorksj.ac.uk/id/eprint/4844

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