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Measurement invariance of the Behavioural Regulation in Sport Questionnaire when completed by young athletes across five European countries.

Viladrich, Carme and Appleton, Paul R. and Quested, Eleanor and Duda, Joan L. and Alcaraz, Saül and Heuzé, Jean-Philippe and Fabra, Priscila and Samdal, Oddrun and Ommundsen, Yngvar and Hill, Andrew P. and Zourbanos, Nikos and Ntoumanis, Nikos (2013) Measurement invariance of the Behavioural Regulation in Sport Questionnaire when completed by young athletes across five European countries. International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 11 (4). 384 - 394.

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Abstract

The purpose of this study was (1) to examine the factorial validity of the Behavioural Regulation Sport in Questionnaire (BRSQ) when completed by young soccer players in the Promoting Adolescent Physical Activity (PAPA) project (9-15 years old) in 5 European countries (France: n = 1248, Greece: n = 1507, Norway: n = 1397, Spain: n = 2245, and England: n = 1372) and (2) test the measurement invariance of its latent factors across these 5 countries. First, we tested the exploratory structural equation model (ESEM) factor analyses, allowing cross-loadings between factors, against the traditional independent clusters confirmatory factor analysis model (ICM-CFA), with all cross-loadings constrained to zero. The ESEM showed very Good Fit Indices, whereas the ICM-CFA was not tenable across countries. Second, the ESEM was used as the baseline model for the tests of factor loading (metric) invariance and factor loading plus thresholds (scalar) invariance. The five factors obtained from the ana

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
DOI: 10.1080/1612197X.2013.830434
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
School/Department: School of Sport
URI: http://ray.yorksj.ac.uk/id/eprint/676

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