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The predictive ability of perfectionistic traits and self-presentational styles in relation to exercise dependence

Hill, Andrew P., Robson, S J and Stamp, G M (2015) The predictive ability of perfectionistic traits and self-presentational styles in relation to exercise dependence. Personality and Individual Differences, 86. pp. 176-183.

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Abstract

Exercise dependence is a harmful pattern of exercise behaviour that research suggests is associated with trait perfectionism. The current study extends previous research by examining the relationship between symptoms of exercise dependence, trait perfectionism (self-oriented, socially prescribed, and other-oriented perfectionism) and perfectionistic self-presentational styles (perfectionistic self-promotion, non-display of imperfection, and non-disclosure of imperfection). In doing so, we examined the unique predictive ability of the three trait dimensions of perfectionism; the relationship between perfectionistic self-presentational styles and exercise dependence symptoms; and the incremental predictive ability of perfectionistic self-presentational styles beyond trait perfectionism. Two-hundred and forty-eight gym members (age M = 25.74, SD 11.38, range 18-75) completed paper-and-pencil measures of the variables of interest. Analyses revealed that of the traits, self-oriented perfectionism was the most important unique predictor of exercise dependence. In addition, perfectionistic self-presentational styles were all positively related to symptoms of exercise dependence. Finally, after controlling for trait perfectionism, perfectionistic self-presentational styles explained additional variance in four of seven symptoms of exercise dependence (withdrawal, lack of control, reduction, and time). The findings suggest that, beyond exhibiting trait perfectionism, when exercisers are committed to portraying an image of perfection it may contribute to an unhealthy commitment to exercise.

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.paid.2015.06.015
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
School/Department: School of Sport
URI: http://ray.yorksj.ac.uk/id/eprint/702

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