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Characterisation and prognostic value of LXR splice variants in triple negative breast cancer

Lianto, Priscilia, Hutchinson, Samantha A., Moore, Bernadette, Hughes, Thomas A. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1169-3386 and horne, James L. (2021) Characterisation and prognostic value of LXR splice variants in triple negative breast cancer. iScience, 24 (10). p. 103212.

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Activity of liver x receptor (LXR), the homeostatic regulator of cholesterol metabolism, is elevated in triple-negative breast cancer (BCa) relative to other BCa subtypes, driving drug resistance and metastatic gene signatures. The loci encoding LXRα and LXRβ produce multiple alternatively spliced proteins, but the true range of variants and their relevance to cancer remain poorly defined. Here, we report seven LXR splice variants, three of which have not previously been reported and five that were prognostic for disease-free survival. Expression of full-length LXRα splice variants was associated with poor prognosis, consistent with a role as an oncogenic driver of triple-negative tumor pathophysiology. Contrary to this was the observation that high expression of truncated LXRα splice variants or any LXRβ splice variant was associated with longer survival. These findings indicate that LXR isoform abundance is an important aspect of understanding the link between dysregulated cholesterol metabolism and cancer pathophysiology.

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.isci.2021.103212
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
School/Department: School of Science, Technology and Health
URI: https://ray.yorksj.ac.uk/id/eprint/8723

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