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The effectiveness of shockwave therapy to improve pain and symptom severity in patients with chronic patellar tendinopathy: a literature review

Poacher, Eddie and Thompson, Jonathan ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4007-187X (2023) The effectiveness of shockwave therapy to improve pain and symptom severity in patients with chronic patellar tendinopathy: a literature review. International Journal of Therapy and Rehabilitation, 30 (12).

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ijtr.2023.0066_R1.pdf - Accepted Version
Restricted to Repository staff only until 27 June 2024.


Background Patellar tendinopathy is a very common and debilitating condition that affects the anterior aspect of the knee. This review aimed to determine the effectiveness of shockwave therapy on pain and symptom severity for all types of patients with chronic patellar tendinopathy.
Methods A search for quantitative primary studies was conducted, using the Allied and Complementary Medicine Database (AMED), Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), MEDLINE, SPORTDiscus, Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro) and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (CDSR) databases. Investigation of grey literature sources, Google Scholar and manual citation searching also took place. All searches were completed between 1 and 8 January 2022. Papers were included if the patients' symptoms were chronic (lasting 12+ weeks); any dose, method and type of shockwave therapy were also accepted.
Results A total of six articles were accepted following screening, all published after 2010. This review included a total of 270 patients, of which 145 received shockwave therapy. Overall, the methodological quality of the six papers was moderate to low. Despite this, and the variation in application of shockwave therapy, the results demonstrated improvements in both pain and symptom severity outcome measures.
Conclusions Shockwave therapy was effective in improving patients' pain and symptom severity, although more high-quality research trials are needed to investigate the effects of this therapy. The clinician's first line of treatment for patellar tendinopathy should be education and exercise; however, if this fails, shockwave therapy should then be considered.
Key words: ■ Chronic patellar tendinopathy ■ Jumper's knee ■ Knee pain ■ Musculoskeletal care ■ Physiotherapy ■ Rehabilitation ■ Shockwave therapy
Submitted: 26 May 2023; accepted for publication following double-blind peer review: 5 October 2023; published online: 2 December 2023
Eddie Poacher York St John University, York, UK and Jonathan Thompson York St John University, York, UK
Correspondence to: Eddie Poacher; eddiepoacher@gmail.com

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
Subjects: R Medicine > RM Therapeutics. Pharmacology > RM695 Physical therapy. Occupational therapy
School/Department: School of Science, Technology and Health
Institutes: Institute for Health and Care Improvement
URI: https://ray.yorksj.ac.uk/id/eprint/9197

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