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Exploring and Evaluating the Two-Factor Model of Perfectionism in Sport

Hill, Andrew P. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6370-8901, Madigan, Daniel J. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9937-1818, Curran, Thomas, Jowett, Gareth E. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4004-2857 and Rumbold, James (2024) Exploring and Evaluating the Two-Factor Model of Perfectionism in Sport. Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment.

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Abstract

Perfectionism is a multidimensional personality trait with two higher-order dimensions; perfectionistic strivings and perfectionistic concerns. The purpose of the present study was to explore and evaluate the two-factor model for the first time using three instruments developed to measure perfectionism in sport. In doing so, we (i) assessed the fit of two-factor models when including and excluding various contentious subscales (other-oriented perfectionism, parental pressure, coach pressure, organisation, and negative reactions to imperfection) and (iii) compared two-factor models to alternative one-factor (or unidimensional) models. Participants were recruited from community and university sports clubs in the UK (N = 527; M age = 18.07 years, SD = 0.49) and completed the Sport-Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale-2 (Gotwals & Dunn, 2009), the Multidimensional Inventory of Perfectionism in Sport (Stoeber et al., 2006), and the Performance Perfectionism Scale-Sport (Hill et al., 2018). Support was found for the two-factor model, with superior fit displayed each time the aforementioned subscales were excluded and, in all cases, when compared to a unidimensional model. The findings suggest that the two-factor model is a adequate representation of the underlying structure of instruments designed to measure perfectionism in sport with better fit and conceptual clarity offered by more parsimonious models.
Introduction

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1177/07342829241231149
School/Department: School of Science, Technology and Health
URI: https://ray.yorksj.ac.uk/id/eprint/9236

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