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Perfectionism and Burnout in Canoe Polo and Kayak Slalom Athletes: The Mediating Influence of Validation and Growth-seeking

Hill, Andrew P. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6370-8901, Hall, Howard and Appleton, Paul R. (2008) Perfectionism and Burnout in Canoe Polo and Kayak Slalom Athletes: The Mediating Influence of Validation and Growth-seeking. In: The first international network meeting for perfectionism research, 14–15 July 2008, Kent, UK.

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Research has implicated perfectionism in the development of athlete burnout (Gould et al., 1996). One potential explanation for this relationship is that some forms of perfectionism are associated with a desire for validation and psychological over-investment in participation. The present investigation examined the relationship between self-oriented and socially prescribed perfectionism and burnout in canoe polo and kayak slalom athletes, and whether these relationships are mediated by validation and growth-seeking. One-hundred and fifty canoe polo and kayak slalom athletes (M age = 26.05 years, SD = 9.57 years) recruited from the top two divisions in the UK completed Flett and Hewitt’s (1991) Multidimensional Perfectionism Scale, Dykman’s (1998) Goal Orientation Inventory, and Raedeke and Smith’s (2001) Athlete Burnout Questionnaire. Analyses supported the mediating role of validation-seeking in the relationship between socially prescribed perfectionism and burnout. However, while bivariate correlations indicated that self-oriented perfectionism was positively related to both validation and growth-seeking, neither mediated the selforiented perfectionism-burnout relationship. Based on these findings, validation-seeking may be an important psychological process in the development of burnout for athletes exhibiting the characteristics of socially prescribed perfectionism. Furthermore, the association between self-oriented perfectionism and growth-seeking may explain why this form of perfectionism may be unrelated, or inversely related, to athlete burnout.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Status: Published
School/Department: School of Science, Technology and Health
URI: https://ray.yorksj.ac.uk/id/eprint/9879

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