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Perfectionistic tipping points: a new approach to examining the interactive effects of perfectionism

Hill, Andrew P. ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6370-8901 (2021) Perfectionistic tipping points: a new approach to examining the interactive effects of perfectionism. In: International Society of Sport Psychology 15th World Congress, 30th September - 4th October 2021, Taipei.

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A1-010-Andrew Hill.mp4 - Presentation


Sport and exercise psychologists interested in examining perfectionism as a multidimensional characteristic will need to examine the interaction between its two dimensions; perfectionistic strivings and perfectionistic concerns. These are two dimensions that often have opposing effects. There are a number of ways to test and probe the interaction between the two. So far, researchers have relied upon pick-a-point analysis to probe interactions, often couched within the 2 x 2 model of perfectionism (Gaudreau & Thompson, 2010). However, one of the limitations of this analysis is that it tests the effects of perfectionistic strivings at only a small number of values of perfectionistic concerns and these values are typically arbitrary (e.g., plus and minus one standard deviation). In this presentation, an alternative analysis will be illustrated – the Johnson-Neyman technique. While this analysis has existed for some time, it is underutilised in sport and exercise psychology. One of the advantages of the Johnson-Neyman technique is that examines the effects of perfectionistic strivings at all values of perfectionistic concerns. In doing so, it can be used to identify “perfectionistic tipping points.” That is, the precise level of perfectionistic concerns at which the effects of perfectionistic strivings are altered. Perfectionistic tipping points are conceptual, statistical, and practical points of interest and a new way of considering for whom perfectionism may be problematic in sport and exercise. In addition to illustrating the technique, the results of secondary data analysis of published research will be presented that exemplifies different types of perfectionistic tipping points and their presence in existing research. Notably, this includes data examining athlete burnout, athlete engagement, emotional regulation, and how athletes respond to competitive failure, as well as perfectionistic tipping points that signal points at which perfectionistic strivings may be less more or less problematic. Based on this analysis, an important emerging finding is that most often even lower levels of perfectionistic concerns, typically below the mid-point of the response scale, influence the effects of perfectionistic strivings. In all, perfectionistic tipping points are a valuable way of conceptualising the interaction between dimensions of perfectionism and sport and exercise psychologists are encouraged to consider them in their future work.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)
Status: Published
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology > BF501-505 Motivation
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology > BF698-698.9 Personality
URI: https://ray.yorksj.ac.uk/id/eprint/5573

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