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Social Capital and Career Growth

Gold, Jeff ORCID: https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0289-6712 and Kang, Daeseok (2019) Social Capital and Career Growth. International Journal of Manpower.

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Abstract

Purpose
The purpose of this study is to examine the instrumental use of social capital regarding career growth within an organization, focusing on the mediating role of perceived competence mobilization and the moderating role of two situational variables: perceived external prestige and job insecurity climate.
Design/methodology/approach
Relationships among the constructs are predicted based on relevant literature, and are tested using survey results from 324 employees working in 14 leading corporations in Korea.
Findings
Results show that social capital positively influenced, via perceived competence mobilization, each of two career growth dimensions (i.e., the personal efforts to develop a career and the experience of being rewarded by the organization). In contrast, moderated path analysis indicated that perceptions of external prestige and job insecurity climate failed to moderate the indirect effect of social capital on career growth.
Practical implications
In light of the instrumental use of social capital and the ensuring mechanism of competence mobilization, a detailed understanding of this effect on career growth cannot only neutralize the fears of brain drain, but is also helpful in providing possibilities for building new career development strategies.
Originality/value
Although social capital has become an influential concept in social sciences, little evidence has been presented on the above relationship, particularly from the perspective of careerist orientation. This may be the first research examining how and when the influence of social capital becomes instrumental with respect to career attainment within an organization.
Keywords social capital, organizational career growth, perceived competence mobilization, perceived external prestige, job insecurity climate

Item Type: Article
Status: Published
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1108/IJM-10-2018-0345
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor
H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor > HD28 Management. Industrial Management
School/Department: York Business School
URI: http://ray.yorksj.ac.uk/id/eprint/3983

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